Does the HIPAA Privacy Rule permit a covered entity to disclose psychotherapy notes to or through a health information organization (HIO)?
Yes, provided the covered entity has obtained the individual’s written authorization in accordance with 45 C.F.R. § 164.508. See 45 C.F.R. § 164.501 for the definition of “psychotherapy notes.” With few exceptions, the Privacy Rule requires a covered entity to obtain individual authorization prior to a disclosure of psychotherapy notes, even for a disclosure to a health care provider other than the originator of the notes for treatment purposes. For covered entities operating in an electronic environment, the Privacy Rule does, however, allow covered entities to disclose protected health information pursuant to an electronic copy of a valid and signed authorization, as well as to obtain HIPAA authorizations electronically from individuals, provided any electronic signature is valid under applicable law.