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About the Multiple Chronic Conditions Initiative

New HHS Education and Training Resources on Multiple Chronic Conditions for the Healthcare Workforce

The Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health, in collaboration with the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) of the US Department of Health and Human Services, recently released HHS Education and Training Resources on Multiple Chronic Conditions (MCC) for the healthcare workforce that will provide health professionals with education to care for people living with multiple chronic conditions for use by healthcare curriculum developers, educators, trainers, students, and practitioners.

View the HHS Education and Training Webinar announcing the release of the resources.

Technical Assistance Webinar on the HHS Education and Training Resources

What are multiple chronic conditions?

Chronic conditions are conditions that last a year or more and require ongoing medical attention and/or limit activities of daily living.3  They include both physical conditions such as arthritis, cancer, and HIV infection. Also included are mental and cognitive disorders, such as ongoing depression, substance addiction, and dementia.

MCC are concurrent chronic conditions.In other words, multiple chronic conditions are two or more chronic conditions that affect a person at the same time. For example, either a person with arthritis and hypertension or a person with heart disease and depression, both have multiple chronic conditions. 

Why are multiple chronic conditions important?

  • Approximately one in four Americans has MCC, including one in 15 children.1
  • Among Americans aged 65 years and older, as many as three out of four persons have MCC.1 In addition, approximately two out of three Medicare beneficiaries have MCC.2
  • People with MCC are also at increased risk for mortality and poorer day-to-day functioning.
  • MCC are associated with substantial health care costs in the United States. Approximately 66 percent of the total health care spending is associated with care for the over one in four Americans with MCC.1

As an individual’s number of chronic conditions increases, the individual’s risk for dying, hospitalizations that can be avoided, and even receiving conflicting advice from physicians and other health care providers increases. People with MCC also are at greater risk of poor day-to-day functioning. MCC contributes to frailty and disability. Functional limitations often complicate access to health care, interfere with self-management, and necessitate reliance on caregivers.

Increased spending on chronic diseases among Medicare beneficiaries is a key factor driving the overall increase in spending in the traditional Medicare program. Individuals with MCC face substantial out-of-pocket costs of their care including higher costs for prescription drugs. 

How is HHS addressing Multiple Chronic Conditions?

HHS administers a large number of federal programs directed toward the prevention and management of MCC. HHS also provides leadership in improving health outcomes in individuals with MCC.


1 Anderson G. Chronic Care: Making the Case for Ongoing Care. Princeton, NJ: Robert Woods Johnson Foundation, 2010. 

2 Chronic Conditions among Medicare Beneficiaries, Chart Book, Baltimore, MD: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, 2011.

MCC Strategic Framework & Inventory of Programs


For the benefit of all individuals with MCC:

  1. Foster health care and public health system changes
  2. Maximize the use of proven self-care management and other services
  3. Provide better tools and information to health care professionals who deliver care
  4. Facilitate research to fill knowledge gaps

MCC Highlights

Improving Health for Individuals with Multiple Chronic Conditions

MCC Resources

Content created by Assistant Secretary for Health (ASH)
Content last reviewed on March 29, 2016